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Forced Perspective Project

Unlike the human eye, the camera lens is unable to differentiate between the depths of different levels. As photographers, we can take advantage of this by creating optical illusions to trick the human mind by playing with depth perception. By careful placement of the objects in front of the camera and controlling what the lens is focused on; we can blur how the viewer identifies what is in the foreground, middleground, and background.

There are four main categories of forced perspective:

  1. Making the main subject larger
  2. Making the main subject smaller
  3. Merging subjects
  4. Bending gravity

Below are examples of each of these four main categories.

1. Main subject larger










2. Main subject smaller


3. Merging subjects

merging images








4. Bending gravity

















Enclosed is a link for further examples of forced gravity in photography, Flicker examples that you can contribute to as well, another powerpoint on examples are also here to help from slideshare.

Your goal is to create one example of each of the four main categories of forced photography.

Save a saved for web set of images and upload them onto your SAS blog for your final portfolio.

Below are examples of student work from this project:

Power of the Poster

This project you will be creating a design inspired by poster art.  To help introduce you to the history of poster art please review the following links on poster art: poster connectionvisual arts corkdzine press

There are a variety of choices of art movements and styles to choose from that have been covered in poster art. Some examples are as follows: Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Belle Epoque, Pre-Raphaelites, Surrealism, Expressionism, Op-Art, German Plakatstil (poster style), Scotland’s Glasgow School, Austria’s Vienna Secession, Russian Constructivists, Bauhaus, de Stijl, Futurism, Dadaism, Sachplakat (object poster style) Cappiello Style, International Typographic Style, 1950’s style, and Post-Modernism.

Below are some links that will help you decide which style to choose:

Think about what type of theme you would like to use for your project. There are a number themes to choose from: Travel and Leisure, Olympics and Sports, War and Propaganda, Publications, Food and Drink, Social Concerns, Festivals, Film, Music, Politics, Fashion, Fairs & Exhibitions, Galleries, Products, Retail, Transportation.

Wikipedia has a quite involve description of what propaganda is and propaganda techniques to help you influence and inspire conformity to your cause.

Included are some additional links to help inspire you are your theme: london transport museum, gig posters.

The principle of design focus for this project is movement, please familiarize yourself with the concepts associated with this principle.

Think about what type of poster you want to produce from the idea plans above. You will be creating a three color linoleum print, so that means that you will be carving into the linoleum three times and adding a color each time for a total of four colors in the design. Again, if you are using text, be sure it will be transferred onto the linoleum backwards.

Composite Portrait, High Dynamic Range, Panoramic Photograph

This project you will be experimenting with three different image capturing and editing techniques:

  • Composite Portraits
  • High Dynamic Range (HDR)
  • Panoramic Scene

The composite portrait is one picture that has multiple images of an individual in the scene:

Screen Shot 2013-10-10 at 12.39.17 PM

For this image, you need a model, location, and tripod to capture the scene. In order for this picture to work, the camera must not move, as well as, the objects in the scene. The figure in the scene is the only thing that should change while you capture several pictures during the shoot. Follow the instructions for editing this composite portrait.

The final size of this document has the largest dimension not exceed 23 Inches at 300 pixel/inch. For your blog posting, be sure to include the images that were used to create the final picture to allow the viewer an opportunity to see the process. Be sure to name the file: firstname_lastname_composite.

Below are some student examples:

High Dynamic Range (HDR) is a method that incorporates multiple images of the same scene with different exposure settings to capture a greater dynamic range between each image into one enhanced overall image. HDR images can represent more accurately the range of intensity levels found in real scenes, from direct sunlight to deep shadowed areas:

Screen Shot 2013-10-13 at 5.21.49 PM

 Screen Shot 2013-10-13 at 7.34.34 PM

A tripod is required to capture a HDR image. You can allow your camera to take a overall exposure reading of the scene for the first picture. Then you take a picture using a +1 setting on your exposure compensation and take a third image using a -1 setting on your exposure compensation dial. By doing this you are capturing a picture to compensate for the bright areas in the picture, as well as, the dark areas in the picture. This will allow finer detail in both areas. Follow the instructions for editing this high dynamic range image.

The final size of this document has the largest dimension not exceed 23 Inches at 300 pixel/inch. For your blog posting, be sure to include the images that were used to create the final picture to allow the viewer an opportunity to see the process. Be sure to name the file: firstname_lastname_HDR_.

Below are some student examples:

Panoramic Photograph captures a wide, or tall, vista of a scene. In order to capture this scene a number of photographs need to be captured and then stitched together for the final image.

Screen Shot 2013-10-13 at 2.49.43 PM

It is ideal that a tripod is used when capturing the images, but hand holding the camera also works. When capturing a series of images be sure to photograph each image with about 20% of the next image overlapping the previous one. In addition, if you are capturing a landscape scene position your camera in a portrait format so that you have a larger area of capture from top to bottom since a percentage of the image will need to be cropped in the end. Follow the instructions for editing this panoramic photograph image.

 The final size of this document has the largest dimension not exceed 42 Inches at 300 pixel/inch. For your blog posting, be sure to include the images that were used to create the final picture to allow the viewer an opportunity to see the process. Be sure to name the file: firstname_lastname_panoramic_.

Below are some student examples:

Photographic Composite

This project of compositing, or combining images seamlessly together, can be taken in a multitude of directions. Below are some ideas to get you started in compositing a photograph:

  • Decide on a main subject and place that subject into a unique setting/background
  • Choose three very different spaces, one background, a different middle ground, and finally another type of foreground
  • Juxtapose two images and blend them together
  • Realize a dream you remember
  • Find a subject and download a range of brushes and paint in a scene
  • Use several of your favorite images and combine various blend modes, filters, and transform their sizes and shapes

Below are some examples of these types of examples:

To help you along with legally acquiring images to add to the bank of images over the semester and throughout your image collecting, use the site Creative Commons. To search for images to realize your ideas, navigate to the explore link and be sure to click on the  

In addition, you can also download a range of different types of photoshop brushes that you can then upload into the program and use. One such site is brusheezy. Just choose the type of brush you would like, download it and install it.

Enclosed are a number of techniques to help you realize your intent: Transform tools, Layer masks, Filter gallery, double exposure, Blending Modes

Posted into your blog post:

  • 4 composite images that are saved for web with a description each composite image. One image focuses on the use of the Fliters Gallery, One image focuses on the use of the Blend modes, One image focuses on the use of the Transformations tools, One image that focuses on the use of the brushes tool set.
  • Digital contact print of all images used
  • Images that are not yours are cited
  • Screenshot of one composite image before/after with layers panel with description of editing process
  • Challenges successes

Choose two images to be printed:

  • Print Document is 36” x 13” 200ppi
  • You can choose to decide on how many images to place on this document
  • Flattened image with name somewhere on the print document
  • Saved as .jpg labeled Name_composite (placed into drop box for me to print)

Music inspired screenprints

This project you will be exploring screen printing by creating a design using a stencil. Your inspiration for these designs will be from music.

Decide on a specific musical genre or band as a source to your inspiration. Gather information in both content and visuals to help you develop your idea.

The following link, rock picture show, provides some interesting insights to the history to album cover art with an interview with Gary Freiberg, an expert on music album cover art, about this art form.

In addition, enclosed are some links to examples of a range of interesting album cover art:

smashing magazine inspiredology, 100 obscure album cover art, eightyone design, coverarts, 50 albums that changed music 

The website society6, also hosts a dynamic range of music inspired art covers that artists are selling that may help inspire you.

The principle of design focus for this project is rhythm, so please familiarize yourself with this concept.

You will complete a total of 1 print of each type of rhythm (regular, flowing, progressive, alternating) for a total of 4 images for this project. The use of these types of rhythm can be displayed within the screen print design or through the addition of mixed media added to the work.



Expressive portrait

For this project you will be using a linoleum block (reductive method) to create an expressive portrait print. You can use your own portrait, someone you know, or composite a portrait from a range of source materials (magazines, internet, social media).

In addition to learning how to work with the tools associated with linoleum printing, you will be focusing on some expressive pose/posture of the portrait.

The principle of design focus for this project is emphasis, so please familiarize yourself with this concept.


  • One print example of three of the following six types of Emphasis: contrast of shape, contrast of temperature, contrast of value, converging lines, isolation, intensity of color. This will be a total of 3 total images.
  • Explain how each of the six types of emphasis are use in the work. The expressive portrait should be the part of the work that is the subject of emphasis.
  • A minimum of one expressive portrait linoleum plate to include the image used to create the lino plate.
  • A explanation of the linoleum transfer, carving, and printing process.
  • Successes and challenges described from the project

To help you find inspiration, enclosed are some interesting examples from the internet:

Expressive Portrait inspirations


Portrait Project

Portrait photography is about capturing the unique qualities of your subject’s individual character. The best portraits carry and express a high level of attentiveness to the details of an individual’s posture and expression. It is the quality of detail and timing that makes portrait photography so compelling. There is an unspoken level of communication illustrated by the details of a good photograph. It is important to give yourself enough time to see these moments, to settle into composing the subject within the frame, and to stay with the subject for long enough to record their full range of expressions. Sometimes you can capture the character of your subject in a couple of shots, but you will probably need to take a succession of photographs over a period of time. It can take several shots before you begin to see the possibilities, and also before your subject relaxes and loses their initial self-consciousness. Very often you will find that the last images in a long series of shots capture the subject in their natural and expressive state. Always be ready for one more photograph!

Review the exploring props, masking identity, portrait/emotion, portrait/environment to assist you in this process. Additional background information on studio lighting can be found in the following links;multiple light portrait set-up, light sources for portraits. 

Before you photograph your ideas, complete some research upon this theme.

As a part of your research, post three images that use the portrait as the main subject by recognized professional photographer(s) onto your blog along with any information about the images.

Next, provide a plan of action to include:

  • Types of compositional devices you will be using to capture your images (rule-of-thirds, fill the frame, balance, lines, leading lines, symmetry, pattern, framing, point of perspective, follow the eye).
  • Who the subject(s) to your photo shoots will be. This can be the same person for the studio portrait and the environment pictures, or different people.

Consider the following when developing your ideas:

  • Portrait with props– What objects will be used, props/chair to be sat on, props to be worn, reveal the subject’s character, conceal the identity, props to be placed with the subject; surround, dominate, support, alter the portrait
  • Lighting– single light, front lighting, side lighting, high side lighting, top lighting, under lighting, back lighting, fill light, back drop lighting, spot light
  • Backdrop white, black, grey backdrop- Be sure to decide what your model(s) will be wearing to either contrast or blend in with the backdrop to suit your taste
  • Position frontal view, side view, three quarter view, back view, standing, sitting on a chair, sitting on the floor, reclining, laying
  • Detail Taking pictures of feet, toes, hands, fingers, legs, arms, torso- determine style of clothing, jewelry, shoes to be used for most interesting images
  • Camera position High/Low vantage point, eye level, at an angle, level
  • Multiple models It is advised that you use no more than two models for this project. The position of one model to the other, dominant model, one model out of focus, depth of field, overlapping figures in space The same ideas need to be considered with multiple models using detail
  • Mood- determine what mood to convey as clothing, lighting, and camera position is important

Below are several links to photographers to help you get started:







Below is a Pinterest board of additional portrait photography examples:

Follow Matthew’s board photography portraits on Pinterest.
If you would like to use the photo studio outside of class time, please sign up with me.

Enclosed are some further tips in capturing images of the portrait:

  • The best types of focal lengths to shoot with portraits are between 85mm to 100mm. Lenses with these focal lengths are often called portrait lenses. They let you shoot from a good working distance, about 3-4 m from your subject and still fill the frame with your subject.
  • Focus directly on the subject’s eyes- they should be tack sharp. Portraits generally look best when you position your camera at the subject’s eye level. Position the subject’s eyes in the frame one-third of the way down from the top. You can also zoom in close so your subject’s face fills the entire frame.
  • The background for shooting outdoors should not be brighter than the subject. Keep the background as simple as possible. Remember, the person is the dominant subject in the picture not the background. You can also try and throw the background out of focus by opening up on your aperture to create a shallow depth of field.
  • When you shoot outdoors in the middle of the day, move your subject into the shade, where the light is softer and the shadows are less prominent. So, search for a place with indirect sunlight to provide the most optimal detail on your subject.
  • If you shoot portraits at sunset, start by turning off your flash and aim at the sky. Then hold your shutter button down halfway down, hold it and recompose the shot by aiming at your subject, but now turn the flash on and reveal your subject with the light of the flash. This is called a fill flash.

Once you have taken the environment and studio pictures, be sure to create a digital contact print and add it to your blog post of images of inspiration and the plan of action. The digital contact print should be a minimum of 40 pictures captured.

Review the videos on how to use the basic clean up tools, whiten teeth,  using a curve adjustment to modify tone, enhancing the eyes, and portrait cleanup to help with your editing.

Use the following link to find images of inspiration with a quote of the day:

Have the following in your blog post for this project:

  • 1 image of inspiration for studio portraits to include description and citation of source (photographer’s blog post and/or artist name; name of work)
  • 1 image of inspiration for environmental portrait to include description and citation of source (photographer’s blog post and/or artist name; name of work)
  • 2 images of inspiration that represents a quote of the day
  • 20 image digital contact print of studio portrait images taken with description of top choices
  • 20 image digital contact print of environmental portrait images with description of top choices
  • 2 final studio portrait images each with a quote of the day edited and saved for web
  • 2 final environmental images each with a quote of the day edited and saved for web
  • Screenshots of editing techniques to one image
  • Summary of successes/challenges of the project. This can include experiences in capturing images with the camera and workflow/software editing techniques

You will be shooting two sets of images for this project. Two 7″ by 10″ 300pixel/inch images from a studio set-up. Two 7″ by 10″ 300 pixel/inch images. Place the documents in the drop folder with the following name convention: Last Name_studioportrait1.jpg

Be sure to name these documents firstname_lastname_studioportrait and firstname_lastname_environmentalportrait into the dropbox for printing. Please also provide a blog post of your final images and explain your process. The posting of your images can be included to your blog posting of your research conducted at the start of this project.