The Kindergarten Child
Characteristics of Kindergarteners-
- Able to verbalize needs
- Quite self-centered
- Unable to sustain any activity for terrible long
- Leave out things that are not important
- Feel no need to make colors relate to reality
- Do not work particularly well in groups
- Have little sense of scale- they are the center of the universe in their art
What Kindergarteners can do with materials-
Art equipment: learn to take care of brushes and put them back in proper containers; learn about and use art tools in a safe, responsible manner
Clay: manipulate to form a ball; make a coil; flatten; squeeze; make a pinch or coil pot
Drawing and painting materials: learn to use large markers, crayons, large and small brushes
Paper: cut, glue, tear, bend, fold, curl, pleat, fringe, fold in half and match edges
Print: make a simple print with stamps, fingers, or objects
Scissors: use with control to cut curved or straight lines and create a circle
Found objects: create sculptures from found objects
Kindergarteners’ understanding of concepts-
- Identify and draw differences in line: thick, thin, zig-zag, curved, straight, interrupted
- Recognize and draw geometric and free- form shapes, categorizing as large or small
- Make large shapes by combining geometric and free- form shapes
- Identify and use light and dark colors
- Identify and use primary and secondary colors: red, yellow, blue, green, violet, and orange, but may not be able to identify weather they are primary or secondary
- Identify and create pattern by repeated use of line, form, or a single shape
- Perceive things that are alike and different
- Recognize differences in art media
- Talk about their own art and that of other artists, identifying the subject of an artwork
- Communicate ideas that are personally important
- Be aware of houses, buildings
- Be able to talk about design on clothing
Suggestions for Teaching Kindergarteners-
- Allow kindergarten students to experiment with materials.
- Let them make portraits of themselves, family, and friends.
- Give skills and media lessons step-by-step.
- Allow each student to make an individual portion of an all-class project.
Kindergarten Content Connections–
Language Arts: left -to-right hand-and-eye movement; sequencing of thoughts; puppetry; journals with writing and drawing.
Have students draw a picture that tells a story about an experience they had last weekend. They could dictate or tell the story to an older student or adult helper who could write it.
Dance: stretching, turning, bending; tempo; working with a partner; running, skipping, hopping, leaping, sliding, galloping; moving forward, backward, and diagonally.
Take students outside and allow them to interpret different kinds of line (curving, straight, zig-zag through physical movement). Let them make “line” to music.
Mathematics: shapes; patter ns; measurements; counting concepts.
Challenge students to fold copy paper into eight sections. Have them draw the number and appropriate number of geometric figures in each section: 1 circle, 2 ovals, 3 triangles, 4 rectangles, 5 pentagons. In the remaining three sections, they can draw free-form figures (clouds, an outline of a shoe, a star).
Science: classification of living and nonliving, seasonal change; weather; plants; habitats; animals (wild and domestic); volume measurement.
Each student may make an individual portion of an all-class project, which is assembled on a large paper background (butterflies, fish, flowers).When these are pasted in place, an appropriate background could be painted in by several students.
Have students make a drawing that shows awareness of nature (seasons, trees, flowers, animals).
Social Studies: self, home, family, relatives, neighbors, community, holidays, and safety.
Have students make a portrait of the family taking part in a community celebration (being in a parade, flag raising ceremony, fair, fireworks display).
Students can draw an “indoor picture” of a bedroom, family room or kitchen, classroom.
Have them draw an “outdoor picture” of a building they know (the school, a movie theater, the grocery store).